What Does Conditionally Approved Mean For An Apartment?


My sister going to approved her apartment. But we don’t know how to conditionally approved the apartment.


Answers ( 4 )


    How long does it take to complete the subscription after conditional approval?

    Depending on the subscriber’s additional requests, the subscription process may take from a few days to a few weeks. You can help speed up the process by talking to your lender and having all the required documents on hand.

    Comparison of mortgage approvals

    Let’s take a look at some of the more typical mortgage approvals and how they differ from conditional approval.

    1. Prequalification

    When you are prequalified for a mortgage, you will receive an estimate of how much you could borrow. These estimates, however, are submitted by the applicant and have not yet gone through the underwriting process. Therefore, prequalification is less reliable than conditional approval.

    2. Pre-approval

    Mortgage pre-approval is a bit more complicated than pre-qualification. Your lender will check your credit history and score at this stage. A subscriber, unlike a conditional approval, may not have reviewed this material.

    3. Unconditional approval

    Unconditional approval, often referred to as formal approval, is the next step after conditional approval. It indicates that the subscriber has received and validated your information.

    This information contains your appraisal value, title, down payment and other required documents. At this time, the loan officer is ready to proceed with the mortgage application.

    4. Verified Approval

    When you receive confirmed approval, it implies that your credit, income, and assets have all been checked and you are cleared to purchase the home. This is a form of Rocket Mortgage® mortgage approval. Unlike conditional approval, a verified approval letter lets sellers know that you have the funds to support your offer.



    It basically means that there are one or more conditions that are problematic, and you will be approved if you correct them. You should be given the conditions. If you have any questions, contact the apartment leasing office and inquire about the conditions that need to be addressed.



    Canadian law has an exceptional characteristic: it is bijural, that is to say that two different legal systems of private law coexist there, civil law and common law. This juxtaposition of two legal systems, constantly interacting, undoubtedly constitutes a source of extraordinary enrichment for these two systems, despite what one of our greatest jurists has called the “danger of crossbreeding of civil law by way of judicial interpretation”.

    Bijuralism is inextricably rooted in the history and legal tradition of the Canadian federation. In 1774, by the Quebec Act, civil law was reintroduced in the province of Quebec, after having been banished by the Royal Proclamation of 1763 which established English civil and criminal laws. Subsequently, the Constitution Act of 1867, which granted the provincial legislatures exclusive jurisdiction to legislate in matters of property and civil rights, confirmed the coexistence of the two legal systems of private law.

    The courts have always affirmed that tax law is ancillary to private law; it only enacts tax consequences to the contractual relations between the parties, these relations being governed by private law:
    In my opinion fiscal law is an accessory system, which applies only to the effects produced by contracts. Once the nature of the contracts is determined by the civil law, the Income Tax Act comes into effect, but only then, to place fiscal consequences on those contracts. Without a contract, without a law and an obligation, there can be no fiscal levy. Application of the Income Tax Act is subject to a civil determination, whether such a determination be according to civil or common law.

    Thus, when the federal law uses a private law expression, without defining it or giving it a particular meaning, recourse must be had to the applicable provincial private law to interpret this expression; we will then speak of the complementarity of provincial private law in relation to federal law. On the other hand, the federal legislator, in the exercise of its powers attributed by section 91 of the Constitution Act, 1867, may exercise its ancillary or ancillary powers in order to establish its own independent and autonomous rules of private law, for the federal law enforcement. In this case, it is a question of dissociation of federal law from the private law of the provinces.

    Moreover, bijuralism, combined with official bilingualism[8], imposes on the federal legislator the obligation to address four legal audiences, namely Francophones and Anglophones of the two private law systems. This is why, in recent years, the federal legislator has undertaken a vast exercise in the harmonization of federal legislation, that is to say a “legislative review process aimed at ensuring that the civil law and the common law are adequately reflected in both language versions. This work relates in particular to the Income Tax Act.This text is part of this harmonization process and attempts to propose solutions to one of the existing problems in tax law, namely that of the retroactive effect of conditional civil law obligations. Indeed, in civil law, a condition precedent or resolutive has a retroactive effect from the day of the conclusion of the contract, and this contrary to the conditional obligations of the common law, the condition precedent and the condition subsequent, which have no effect. retroactive effect. However, in taxation, the moment of the “disposition” of an asset is of great importance, whether in particular to determine the moment of taxation of the capital gain, the recovery of depreciation or the change of control. of a company. In this context, the following question arises: does the retroactive effect of conditional obligations apply in federal tax law when it comes to determining the moment of disposition?

    We will therefore attempt in this text to determine whether the Act and the administrative position of the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency[11] adequately recognize the specificities of civil law with regard to the effects of conditional obligations, and if not, to Assess to what extent and in what way it would be possible to harmonize the Income Tax Act with Quebec civil law on this issue, while respecting the intention of the federal legislator. In this respect, we will have to take into account the balance between two often conflicting objectives: that of the uniform application of the Act across Canada, on the one hand, and on the other hand respect for the rules of law. private, sometimes incompatible, of the two legal systems.
    To this end, we will identify in the first chapter the civil law rules relating to conditional obligations and their effects, as well as other civil law concepts that may raise questions of retroactivity. In the second chapter, we will study the common law concepts corresponding to conditional obligations in civil law, in order to identify both the common points and the differences between the two legal systems in this regard. In the third chapter, we will proceed to the legal analysis of the retroactive effect of conditional obligations in tax law, by studying the relevant legislation, case law and doctrine, as well as the administrative position of the Agency. Finally, in the fourth chapter, we will carry out a critical analysis of the current situation, which will allow us to identify the prospects for possible legal developments and to present proposals for reform.

    Conditional obligations in civil law

    The condition precedent

    Conditional obligations are governed by articles 1497 to 1507 of the Civil Code of Quebec. The Civil Code defines the conditional obligation as follows:

    “1497. An obligation is conditional when it is made to depend on a future and uncertain event, either by suspending its occurrence until the event occurs or until it becomes certain that it will not occur, or by making its extinction dependent on whether the event occurs or does not occur.
    The condition must therefore be a future and uncertain event. Moreover, it must not be purely potestative, that is to say, it must not depend solely on the will of the debtor. The condition must also be an extrinsic event and not an element essential to the very formation of the contract: for example, the buyer who undertakes to pay the price if the seller undertakes to deliver the thing, contracts a pure obligation and simple.

    The condition precedent “makes the birth of the obligation dependent on the occurrence of the event or the certainty that it will not occur; it therefore delays the creation of the link between the parties. As long as the condition is not fulfilled, the very existence of the obligation is suspended. It is not only inexigible, as in the case of a term: it does not exist, it is not yet formed. If it is an obligation to pay, the debt is not legally born, and whoever pays by mistake can even claim the recovery of the undue payment. Thus, the seller is not entitled to the price before the condition is fulfilled.

    As for the property, the sale under suspensive condition does not transfer it immediately. The seller retains the right of ownership as well as all its attributes. It may happen that possession of the property is transferred when the contract is concluded, for example in the context of a trial sale, which is presumed to be made under a condition precedent; however, this does not transfer ownership.When the condition is fulfilled, it has a retroactive effect from the day of the conclusion of the contract, both between the parties and with regard to third parties:

    “1506. A condition fulfilled has, between the parties and with respect to third parties, retroactive effect to the day on which the debtor bound himself under the condition. »

    This article reiterates the principle of the retroactive effect of the fulfilled condition contained in the first sentence of articles 1085 and 1088 C.C.L.C.. It therefore does not modify the prior law. In this regard, the Civil Code of Lower Canada reproduced almost verbatim article 1179 of the Napoleonic Code.

    Thus, in the case of a condition precedent, the fulfillment of the condition means that the agreement is deemed to have been pure and simple from its origin:

    “But from when does obligation exist as an obligation pure and simple? The answer seems obvious: until the arrival of the condition precedent, there was a conditional obligation; from the arrival of the condition precedent, a pure and simple obligation replaced the conditional obligation. This is not, however, the solution of French law. Indeed, article 1179 C. civ. lays down the rule of the retroactivity of the condition: “The condition fulfilled has retroactive effect to the day on which the commitment was contracted.” Everything happens as if the obligation had arisen pure and simple on the day of the conclusion of the contract; it is supposed to have never been possible.In a transfer of ownership contract, the right of ownership is therefore deemed to have passed to the buyer on the day of the conclusion of the contract. We will analyze later the effects and consequences of retroactivity.

    Finally, when the condition is not fulfilled within the time allowed, or it becomes certain that it will not be fulfilled, everything happens as if the contract had never been concluded. According to Professors Pineau, Burman and Gaudet, “this is a total obliteration: the “potential” buyer has never been a buyer and the potential “seller” has never been a seller.

    The resolutive condition

    The resolutive condition is that which holds in suspense not the existence of the obligation, but its extinction. Thus, the obligation subject to a resolutive condition comes into existence immediately, upon conclusion of the contract. Consequently, as long as the resolutory condition is not fulfilled, the obligation is treated exactly as a pure and simple obligation. It produces all its effects: if it is a sale, there is an immediate transfer of ownership and the obligation to pay the sale price.

    Mignault summarizes the immediate effect of the obligation subject to a subsequent condition as follows:

    “Either a sale made under a resolutive condition. From the moment it is formed, it produces all its effects, like a pure and simple sale: each of the parties is obliged, the seller to deliver the thing sold, the buyer to pay the price; the transfer of ownership is carried out now.

    When the condition is fulfilled, the contract is terminated retroactively, under article 1506 C.c.Q. Mignault continues:But, if the condition is fulfilled, all the effects that the sale had produced are revoked retroactively: they cease, not only for the future, but also in the past: they are considered as never having been produced.

    According to several authors, everything then takes place as if the obligation had never existed: “the buyer never became the owner of the building, not even the conditional owner, and the seller never ceased to have over this immovable a full right of ownership.

    Conversely, of course, if it becomes certain that the condition will not occur, the sale is outright from the start, the contract is retroactively consolidated. Thus, the buyer is deemed to have been the owner from the signing of the contract.

    It is interesting to underline the “mirror” effect of suspensive and resolutive conditions: any conditional obligation is suspensive for one of the parties and resolutory for the other. Mignault illustrates this reciprocity with a concrete example:

    “I sold you my house, on this condition: if such and such a ship arrives. The condition, if fulfilled, will produce a double effect: it will invest you, on the one hand, and strip me, on the other, of the right of ownership that was the object of the sale: you will be deemed to have been , while I shall be deemed to have ceased to be the owner from the very day of the contract (art. 1085). Thus, we were both owners, you under suspensive condition, me under resolutive condition.

    I’m selling you my house, but on the condition that the sale will be terminated if such a ship arrives. This sale, as well as a pure and simple sale, produces all its effects hic et nunc: you are therefore the owner from now on; but if the condition is fulfilled, you are then deemed never to have been, while I am deemed never to have ceased to be so (art. 1088): the same event which strips you invests me with the right that abducts you. We were therefore both owners, you under a resolutive condition, I under a suspensive condition.In short, when there is a sale subject to a resolutive condition, before the condition is fulfilled, the seller is the owner under the condition precedent and the buyer is the owner under the resolutive condition. Conversely, in the case of a sale subject to a condition precedent, before the fulfillment of the condition the seller is the owner under the subsequent condition and the buyer is the owner under the condition precedent.

    The effects of the retroactivity of the condition

    General effects of retroactivity

    The main effect of the fulfillment of the condition precedent is to oblige the parties to perform their obligations, as if they had existed since the day of the conclusion of the contract. Conversely, the fulfillment of the resolutive condition has as its main effect the obligation to return the services received under the contract, as if the latter had never existed.

    What happens when the suspensive condition is not fulfilled? If possession has not been taken pendente conditione , the contract simply never existed and the parties owe each other nothing[38]. If there has been a transfer of possession, on the other hand, the buyer subject to a suspensive condition must return the property to the seller; in this respect, the sale subject to a condition precedent is subject to the same process of restitution of services as the sale subject to a resolutory condition.

    These are now articles 1699 to 1707 C.c.Q. which govern the restitution of the benefits, whether this results from the fulfillment of a resolutive condition, the failure of a condition precedent, the resolution at the request of the creditor or the nullity following the default of a condition of contract formation.

    Article 1700 C.C.Q. specifies that the restitution of benefits is made in kind. Of course, the general rule is that the buyer returns the property to the seller, and that the latter returns to him the part of the sale price he has received, if applicable. This does not pose a problem, except in the event of loss of the thing, as we will see later.It should be understood that article 1707 C.c.Q., located in the ninth chapter entitled “Restitution of benefits”, applies to all contracts canceled retroactively, including acts vitiated by nullity for lack of a condition of formation of the contract, not just conditional obligations. However, it is very difficult, if not impossible, for a third party to know the potential grounds for nullity of the contract. However, with regard to conditional obligations affecting immovables, the formalities of land registration were considered, at the time of the old Code, as sufficient to protect third parties since they could be aware of the precariousness of the right of their debtor.

    However, the same principle remains applicable under the new Civil Code. Moreover, in real estate matters, the right of the creditor of the obligation of restitution is published in the land register; since any acquirer is deemed to know the rights entered in this register, the third party cannot rely on article 1707 C.c.Q. since he cannot claim to be in good faith. In addition, with respect to rights entered in the register of personal and movable real rights, the same presumption of knowledge applies to third parties, although this presumption is rebuttable in the latter case. Thus, in most cases where the debtor of the obligation of restitution will have granted real rights to third parties, these rights will be canceled retroactively, having been granted by a person who has never been the owner: nemo dat quod non habet .They are of the same opinion with regard to the resolutive conditions:

    “In the case of a transfer of ownership contract, the acquirer is deemed never to have been the owner and therefore all the rights granted to the object by him to third parties, in principle, expire retroactively.

    Moreover, article 2682 C.c.Q. seems to confirm that article 1707 C.c.Q. does not apply to conditional obligations, at least with respect to mortgages:

    “2682. A person who has only a conditional or nullable right to property may only grant a hypothec subject to the same condition or nullity. »

    As for acts of administration made pendente conditione, as we will see later, the old doctrine considered them to be enforceable against the creditor of the restitution: in this regard, article 1707 C.C.Q. only codifies this doctrine.

    To conclude on this point, we are of the opinion that article 1707 C.c.Q. does not have the effect of thwarting or denying the principle of opposability to third parties of the retroactivity of the condition, expressly established by article 1506 C.c.Q. It would be illogical for the legislator to have enacted this principle, only to subsequently deny all its effects.

    Finally, one of the main effects of retroactivity is the crystallization of a legal situation with regard to subsequent legislative amendments:

    When a new law has intervened between the date of the agreement and that of the fulfillment of the condition, the obligation will remain subject to the old law, as if it had been pure and simple at its origin.

    This principle is of particular importance in taxation, as we will see below[54]: the application of the retroactive effect of the conditions in tax matters would allow the parties to know in advance with a reasonable degree of certainty the tax consequences of the transaction they are considering, since they would thus be protected from changes in the Income Tax Act that may occur after the conclusion of the contract.

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